Essential Fatty Acids
There are two types of fat that are just like a vitamin or a mineral in that we need to eat them in our diet to maintain health and function because our bodies cannot make them out of any other substances. You might have heard of them by their family names, omega-3 and omega-6 fats. There are a number of specific fats in each family and, in theory, your body can convert from one fat to another within each family. In practice, however, only two omega-3 and two onega-6 fats are biologically active and they each have unique actions in the body. For therapeutic support, these specific fats can be supplemented to the diet.
- EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid): critical in the control of inflammation reactions in the body. Found in cold-water fish.
- DHA (docosahexaenoic acid): critical for brain architecture (nerve cell membrane structure) and function and to maintain optimal cell membrane fluidity and function. Found in cold-water fish.
- DGLA (dihomo-gamma-linoleic acid): helps maintain skin and mucous membrane health and is the source of the body’s strongest anti-inflammatory eicosanoids. Found in evening primrose and borage oils.
- AA (arachidonic acid): critical for brain architecture (nerve cell membrane structure) and is the source of the body’s strongest pro-inflammatory eicosanoids. Inflammation is the first step of any repair in the body. Found in all meats & eggs.